Hair fall Causes – a severe yet common problem……
Hair fall is the most common problem faced by millions of people – men and women all around the world. It is very important that we take corrective actions against hair fall as our carelessness may lead to baldness or thin hair.
In order to treat hair fall, you need to know the real causes of hair fall. Let us discuss some major causes of hair fall.
Causes of Hair fall in Men and Women
Telogen Effluvium (affects both men and women)
Telogen Effluvium occurs due to stress which causes the roots of the hair to go prematurely into the resting stage thereby causing the hair to fall in large numbers.
Hypothyroidism (affects both men and women)
Hair growth depends on the functioning of the thyroid glands. Any abnormality in the thyroid hormone can have adverse effect on your hairs. Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is underactive. When there is too little of the thyroid hormone, the hair tends to fall more, not just on the scalp, but anywhere on the body.
Hereditary (affects both men and women)
This is the most common cause of hair fall. It occurs due to the genes of an individual. If there is a genetic problem in the family of having hair loss then it is transferred down the genes from parents to children and so on.
Lupus (affects both men and women)
Lupus is a disease marked by the inflammation of the skin. Hairs fall out in strands or clumps and sometimes it becomes thin and easily breakable.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (affects only women)
This is a condition in which male hormones are elevated in women. Women lose scalp hair due to the overbearing influence of the testosterone.
Anemia (affects both men and women)
Anemia or iron deficiency is the major cause of hair loss and hair fall. Low content of iron in blood causes lot of hair fall. When you do not get enough iron from the diet you take, your body take ferritin stored in non-essential tissues like hair-bulb and gives it to essential tissues like your heart. And this leads to hair fall because ferritin is required for hair cells to grow.
Excessive Styling (affects both men and women)
Excessive styling such as tight braids, curls, hot irons, chemicals in dyes etc can damage your hair from the roots preventing them to grow in a healthy way. Hot oil treatments or washing hairs with extremely hot water can also damage the roots of your hair. Tight braids hairstyle or pulled back hairstyle are prone to more number of hair fall as the hairs get pulled from its roots.
Alopecia Areata (affects both men and women)
It is also known as spot baldness. It is an autoimmune disease which causes loss of hair from all or certain areas of the body, especially the scalp. It happens due to body’s failure to recognize its own body cells.
Medication (affects both men and women)
Person who is on high medication can have a hair fall problem as a side effect of the drug. Drugs cause hair loss by interfering with the normal cycle of scalp hair growth. Our hair passes through cycles of growth. One of these cycles – the anagen phase – lasts for 3 to 4 years and is the time during which the hair is actually growing. It’s followed by the telogen phase – lasting for around 3 months – during which time the hair ‘rests’. Once the telogen phase is over, the hair falls out and new hair grows to replace it. But some medications may interfere with this hair growth cycle. One such example is Chemotherapy.
Aging (affects both men and women)
With age the hairs become thin, thereby making them fragile and easily breakable. The growing strength of the hair cells reduces with age.
Environment (affects both men and women)
With increasing pollution in the atmosphere, there are many harmful and toxic pollutants in the air that damage the hair making them weak which leads to hair fall.
Changes in Life (affects only women)
Life changes occur in two major forms in a female when she gets pregnant and when she undergoes the menopause phase. During pregnancy, the hair goes into its resting phase which causes lot of hair fall. This is not a very serious condition because it does not lead to baldness or patches and the hair fall stops 3 to 4 months after delivery. During the menopause phase, there is an imbalance between the estrogen and testosterone hormones which contribute to the hair fall in women. Even stress plays a major role in this case as it affects the adrenal glands which in turn affects your hormones.
Nutrition and Diet (affects both men and women)
You require adequate amount on vitamins and nutrients in your body in order to have a healthy hair growth. Zinc, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, healthy fats, sulphur are the major source of healthy hair growth. Lack of proper diet consisting of these vitamins and minerals leads to hair fall.
Male Pattern Baldness (affects only men)
It is also known as androgenic alopecia. This is a condition commonly seen in men which leads to shrinking of the hair follicles due to the influence of the androgenic hormones. It is represented with a progressive hair loss at the temples and vertex of the forehead in men. Both genetic and environment plays a major role in male pattern baldness.
Auto-immune Disease (affects both men and women)
Certain auto-immune diseases like diabetes, arthritis, etc can cause hair fall where body’s own immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles or tissues and cells important for hair growth.
Trichotillomania (affects both men and women)
It is a habit of plucking or pulling hair as a habit from the head or others parts of the body. It is also considered an obsessive compulsive disorder amongst people with this habit. Pulling of hairs naturally leads to hair loss.
Infection (affects both men and women)
Infection of the scalp like dandruff, psoriasis and fungal infections can lead to excessive hair fall.
So people, do not ignore your hair fall problem and get the exact reason diagnosed for you hair loss so that preventive and curative measures can be taken to stop this problem from growing further and damaging your hairs.
Be healthy. Be cautious.